History of ISPAD

A Short ISPAD History
The International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes was founded as ISGD, the International Study Group for Diabetes (in childhood and adolescence) in 1974. In 1993, with the ISGD Declaration of Kos (see inset), it transformed from a small, study group to a full-fledged academic society. From its original meeting at the “Chateau Lestradet” in Paris, it has grown to include annual scientific meetings with more than 1000 attendees from all parts of the world. ISGD’s original officers, President Henri Lestradet, Secretary-General Zvi Laron and Treasurer Helmut Jean Loeb (“The Three L’s” to the right) are now represented by ISPAD’s President Stephen Greene, Secretary-General Carine de Beaufort and Treasurer Kenneth J. Robertson with an active Advisory Council.


ISGD started originally because of frustrations by pediatric diabetologists concerning a lack of attention to childhood and adolescent diabetes issues at the International Diabetes Federation and similarly at the other international pediatric endocrine societies then in existence. The focus of ISGD was an attempt to bring together international experts, to debate clinical and research issues and to foster scientific interchange throughout the world. The benefits of ISGD were quickly realized as friendships developed and a forum for such interchange thrived. The small numbers of members grew after the first decade of ISGD’s history and expanded to include not just European and North American pediatric endocrinologists but later also those from Asia and elsewhere. In 2008, ISPAD was formally registered as a Charity in the UK.


Officers of ISGD have included as President Alan Drash of Pittsburgh, Teruo Kitagawa of Tokyo, Bruno Weber of Berlin, Zvi Laron of Tel Aviv, Hans Akerblom of Helsinki, Martin Silink of Sydney, Knut Dahl-Jorgensen of Oslo, Denis Daneman of Toronto and Stu Brink of Boston. As Secretary-General, Zvi Laron of Tel Aviv, Bruno Weber of Berlin, Johnny Ludvigsson of Linköping, Stu Brink of Boston and Chestnut Hill, Knut Dahl-Jorgensen of Oslo, Peter Swift of Leicester and Thomas Danne of Hannover. Treasurers have included Harry Dorchy of Brussels, Ingeborg Deschamps of Paris, Eugen Schoenle of Zurich and Kaichi Kida of Ehime. At present, eight elected Advisory Council members, both from the
group of physician as well as the non-physician members of the pediatric diabetes team, including the webmaster join the three-member Executive Committee to help govern ISPAD, plan activities and provide oversight.

There is also an annual physician research-oriented Science School, as well as a Science School for Allied Health Professionals, working with youngsters who have diabetes with competitive applications for both schools each year. Ongoing support for these by Eli Lilly as well as Novo Nordisk is an example of superb cooperative efforts to encourage not only international cooperation but ongoing academic and educational improvement laying the groundwork for future pediatric diabetes leaders.


Pediatric Diabetes is ISPAD’s official medical journal under the editorship of Dr Mark Sperling. Approximately every five years, ISPAD publishes an updated “Consensus Guidelines for the Care of Children and Adolescent with Diabetes” and ISPAD’s website is an active forum for society activities and communication (www.ispad.org). Diabetes in the Young
was ISGD’s first scientific journal edited through the years by Drs Laron, Loeb, Dorchy, Guthrie, Rosenbloom, Ludvigsson, Bruining, Becker and Greene. ISPAD Post-Graduate Courses have taken place in Peru, Chile and Cuba, Kuwait and Israel, Jordan and Italy, China and Thailand, Korea and Mongolia, Singapore and India, Bulgaria and Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Hungary and Slovakia bringing pediatric and adolescent diabetes experts to interact with local pediatricians, pediatric diabetologists and pediatric endocrinologists. Ongoing efforts in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan will be expanding in the coming years under the guidance of Jan Bruining. In Romania, under the leadership of Viorel Serban, Stu Brink and Harry Dorchy, the spirit of the first joint ISPAD Romanian Post-Graduate Course carries on for fourteen consecutive years in cooperation with the University of Timisoara and the Serban Center in Buzias.

The “ISPAD tree” thrives and is nourished by the center and the interaction of staff, patients and family members.

International Education Chairpersons for ISGD and ISPAD have included Zvi Laron, Leonardo Pinelli, Kaichi Kida and Stu Brink as well as Moshe Philip with financial support from Medtronic-Minimed, LifeScan, Roche and Bayer as well as Becton Dickinson, Eli Lilly and Novo Nordisk.